Horizon Workrooms

Now that Horizon Workrooms has launched I’m very happy to be able to write about the functionality that I found most exciting while building the experience: the mapping of virtual objects to their real world counterparts.

Typically augmented and mixed reality experiences overlay real world objects with virtual annotations. An AR app on your phone might recognize a face seen by the camera and show the face with added bunny ears on the phone screen, for example. Workrooms is different in that it shows you an entirely virtual environment, but asks you to indicate the position of real world objects like your desk in a process which feels like a more detailed guardian setup process. Workrooms then positions your avatar in the virtual world so that your real desktop aligns with your virtual desktop. When you reach out and touch the virtual desk your hands touch the real desk. As long as the important virtual objects within arms reach are mapped to real objects, the virtual environment can be much bigger than the available real space while maintaining the illusion that every virtual object can be touched as well as seen.

In addition to adding to the immersion and realism of the experience, the haptic feedback has important practical benefits. Typing on a virtual keyboard is much easier if you’re also typing on a real keyboard rather than on a flat featureless surface or just moving your fingers in space; it is much less tiring to draw on a virtual whiteboard if you are also leaning on a real wall and it’s much less dangerous to show someone a virtual desk if leaning on it or putting a coffee on it doesn’t result in you falling over or spilling coffee on your feet. While requiring a suite of real objects to be available puts some additional constraints on using the application, the required objects are common enough in the case of Workrooms that the trade off is often worthwhile and less onerous than requiring the use of specialised additional VR hardware to provide much lower fidelity haptic feedback.

Mapping real objects to virtual objects can also go beyond providing haptic feedback by being used to provide a very natural indication of intent. Moving from a seated desk to a nearby wall in the real world can be used to indicate to an application the intent to use a whiteboard and might result in teleporting in the virtual world to a whiteboard location much further away, allowing people to navigate virtual spaces which are much larger than the available space in the real world.

Using real objects that can be touched shifts the problem of providing haptic feedback from one requiring complex mechanical force feedback devices to one that, in future, would use computer vision to recognise objects in the real environment using the same cameras that provide inside-out tracking capabilities in modern VR headsets. By using virtual objects that map exactly to their real counterparts the haptic feedback provided would be perfect. A real MacBook keyboard feels exactly like a MacBook keyboard when you touch it because it is a MacBook keyboard, whereas any force feedback device trying to synthesize the same haptic feedback could only ever provide an approximation.

While the relative ubiquity of home offices means that this mapping approach lends itself to an experience like Workrooms, it’s also exciting to think about how similar approaches could be used to add perfect haptic feedback to less mundane VR experiences in more fantastic virtual environments. The Workrooms team was lucky enough to see some of those possibilities during a team offsite to the Star Wars VR experience at the Void in London. The experience created the illusion of a large virtual environment using a much smaller real space by using tricks like having participants moving through a real doorway into a virtual elevator and then later exiting through the same doorway to a new virtual room once the elevator had virtually moved to a new floor in the virtual environment.

With the increasing availability of headsets which use SLAM based inside-out tracking and the development of techniques like redirected walking, it’s possible to imagine a future where rather than defining a safe cuboid within the real world, guardian systems could instead map an entire home or office, identifying doors, chairs, tables and other objects which could be enumerated via an API to VR applications. The application could then use the available real world features to generate huge custom fantasy environments in a rogue-like game in which every wall and table can be leant on, every door can be opened and closed, every chair sat in and potentially every staircase climbed. I’m very excited to see, hear and touch the experiences these techniques might enable in the near future.


A Past And Present Future Of Work

Wed 30 September 2020 by Jim Purbrick

Studio Blighty

Over the last few years I’ve spent a lot of time helping people new to virtual worlds learn how they work. Over the last few weeks I’ve been sharing a series of short posts on some of the high level concepts I covered which will hopefully be useful …

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Parse By The Sea

Sat 19 October 2013 by Jim Purbrick

#parsebythesea

A few weeks ago Facebook London hosted the Parse By The Sea hackathon at the Brighton Dome as part of the Brighton Digital Festival. The idea was to take one of our internal hackathons on the road and invite members of the public to join us, turning a hackathon in …

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Facebook Hackathons

Mon 16 September 2013 by Jim Purbrick

I’ve been a big fan of hackathons since one of the first Yahoo! Hack Days I attended at Alexandra Palace was struck by lightning. The lightning caused the fire alarms to go off which opened the roof to let the torrential rain pour on to hundreds of geeks and …

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Brighton Digital Festival

Wed 04 September 2013 by Jim Purbrick

The Brighton Digital Festival starts this week and I’m very happy to be helping out with Facebook London‘s contributions: Parse By The Sea, a mobile app Hackathon featuring Parse on the 26th of September, and helping to Connect The Brighton Digital Festival by sponsoring Metranet to provide high …

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Following In My Father’s Footsteps

Mon 12 November 2012 by Jim Purbrick

Tintin Hair

From 2 years before I was born, until just before I started working on Second Life at Linden Lab, my Dad worked at an innovative technology company with a large consumer photography business: Kodak. From January next year I’ll be working at an innovative technology company with a large …

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Evolving Develop

Mon 20 July 2009 by Jim Purbrick

As usual I headed down to the Metropole on the sea front last week to attend the annual Develop conference in Brighton. Unusually, this time I was attending the Evolve day which shifts the focus from console development to online, mobile and social games, which I had helped create as …

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